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Ancient History / Pre-Mauryan Era

16 Mahajanapadas and their Capitals


    The period between 600 BC to 300 BC can be termed as Pre Mauryan period. It is also called the age of Shodasa (16) Mahajanapadas or the age of Buddha. During the beginning of the Pre Mauryan period, sixteen kingdoms have emerged.

    List of 16 Mahajanapadas

    The following sequence shows the list of 16 Mahajanapadas and their capitals.


    Sl. No. Kingdom Capital
    1 Anga Mahajanapada Champa
    2 Magadha Mahajanapada Rajagriha later shifted to Pataliputra
    3 Vajji Mahajanapada Vaishali
    4 Kashi Mahajanapada Varanasi
    5 Kosala Mahajanapada Sravasti
    6 Malla Mahajanapada Pava and Kusinara
    7 Vatsa Mahajanapada Kaushambi
    8 Kuru Mahajanapada Hastinapur
    9 Surasena Mahajanapada Mathura
    10 Panchala Mahajanapada Ahichhatra and Kampilya
    11 Matsya Mahajanapada Viratanagara
    12 Chedi Mahajanapada Suktimati
    13 Avanti Mahajanapada Ujjain
    14 Gandhara Mahajanapada Takshasila or taxila
    15 Kamboja Mahajanapada Rajapura
    16 Asmaka Mahajanapada Podana

    At the end, that is around 350 BC, the Magadha empire became very powerful and almost all the 16 Mahajanapadas were annexed to the Magadha kingdom.